Formation of a correct posture in children largely depends on the environment. The duties of the parents and staff of preschool and school institutions is included to guard the proper position of children in standing, sitting and walking, and also use exercises that they support, primarily the muscles of the back, legs and abdomen. There is a need to in a child develops the natural muscular corset.
The spine (backbone) is an essential part of the axial skeleton of man and consists of 33-34 vertebrae, which are connected between each of the ligaments and joints.
In the womb a child's spine looks like a single arc. When the child appears light, his spine straightens, and acquires the appearance in almost a straight line. Exactly from the moment of birth begins to form posture. In the presence of skill hold the head in a raised condition, in the cervical region of the spine, the child gradually creates bending forward, the so-called cervical лордоз. If the time has come, when the child already knows how to sit, in the thoracic area of her spine also formed, bending, only reversed back (кифоз). And when the child begins to walk, in the area of the lumbar with time is formed by bending with a bump, which in the forward direction. Is it lumbar лордоз. This is the reason why it is important to monitor the next proper formation of the children's posture.
Posture referred to as the ability of a person to keep their body in different positions. Is it correct and incorrect.
Posture is considered correct, if it is fine and worthwhile person when in familiar for him to posture, does not make unnecessary active tension and keeps your head and body straight. In addition, it has a light gait, slightly drooping eye and dedicated back the shoulders, the aim of which is forward on the chest, trim stomach and legs, right into your lap.
When incorrect осанке person doesn't know how to properly hold your body, so, as usually stands and moves on the floor-согнутых legs, drooping shoulders and head, as well as putting forward the abdomen. In such осанке disturbed the normal functioning of internal organs.
Various disorders of posture, whether it's a stoop, лордоз, кифоз or scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) – quite common in children of preschool and school age. In essence, that children are either physically weak, or suffering from some chronic disease, either already who are rooting hard for the disease in early childhood.
Prevention of all disorders related to posture, should be comprehensive and be based on submitted by the below principles.
Constantly evolving organism of the child during the entire growth needs of useful nutrient. Food should be rich and varied, because it depends on how it is correct will be the development of muscles and bones.
Very important for the health of children's posture lesson exercise, different kinds of sports (especially skiing and swimming), gymnastics, as well as tourism, active play in the fresh air, etc. it is Necessary to take into account that when physical development is not necessary to force the child to perform sharp and quick to load.
Correct mode of the day.
To avoid problems with posture, it is necessary not only to ensure the correct mode of the day (time, walks, sleep, wakefulness, food, etc.), but also strictly in accordance with his, so no exceptions, for example on weekends.
The children's room.
A competent shoe repair.
Correct, accurate and timely selection of children's shoes allows parents to prevent, and even eliminate many of the problems, such as functional shortening of the limb, which, by reason of the disturbance of posture or compensation for the defects of feet (clubfoot deformity was and flat feet).
Uniform distribution of the load.
It is known that the most frequently at school age, when in children it is observed the rapid growth of bone and muscle mass, are, unfortunately, gaining curvature of the spine. This happens due to the fact that in this age, the child's spine is not adapted to greater stress. Parents should try to not to overload the child while wearing them ранца, backpack or briefcase. Remember that in the standard weight which is allowed to lift the baby, is 10% of the total body weight.
The back of the school ранца must be flat and solid, its width should not be longer than the width of the shoulders. Also the bag should not hang below the belt and straps on it should be soft and wide, is governed by the length of the. Unacceptably long period of time carrying heavy bags on one of the shoulders, which is especially true for girls. In this case, the curvature of the spine for them can become an inevitable problem.
In terms of the correct transfer of weight, it is known that the bend to the severity and increase it – it is a huge burden on the spine, and so it cannot be. Right would be first to squat with a straight back, then you take it, press chest, climb and attributed. And as advice to parents: even if you yourself follow this rule, and teach it to your child.
To stimulate growth and develop the muscles of a child, you can safely start from his birth. So their growth and strength, will be faster to develop. For infants a great helper in this is the massage (doctor's prescription).
A child at the age of 2-3 months, you can start to do exercises to workout the muscle groups that are responsible for the imprisonment of the body in the correct position. For this sufficient, will help the hands to pick up the child, переведя from position "lying" to the position "up", after which long to hold her weight. In this position the muscles and joints of the child will move, the coaching in this case all the muscle groups.
After 1.5 years in a playful way with your child, it is possible to start practicing gymnastics. Together you can "chop the wood", "cat" dish out the back, "pumping water", go on the drawn line like a tightrope, ride on the floor, run the obstacle course, and so sp is Possible to ask a child to portray птичку: lie down on your stomach, "spread your wings" (release hands to side) and hold the ankle of the foot.
The child's posture formed up to the period of puberty. The whole time it is necessary to monitor its formation. If the child has already experienced some violations, until the beginning of this period it can be corrected. The child must regularly visit the doctor-an orthopedist, when he in his accounts, and browse all available types of treatment. It can be a therapeutic exercise, swimming, massage, physiotherapy, мануальная therapy and surgical treatment (according to testimony).
For the formation of correct posture in children and also the prevention of its disorders in the process of teaching a morning gymnastics, physical culture and during such moments in domestic conditions, mainly in preschool and school establishments, you can use a variety of useful exercises. Below are examples of such exercises.
Dear parents, to commemorate and talk about the baby to "Sit up straight" of course, that it is necessary, but it is still not enough. Start to worry about the health of their children even "diapers" and be sure to make time for exercise with them. An important moment in the formation of the correct posture of the child is a personal example. To exercise together with the child, keep your back straight and be healthy!