A large part of the unpleasant sensations – a light and short pain in the lower back that do not have a pathological foundation, and are caused by the normal congestion of the muscles. We are interested in cases where the reason is a disease of the spine.
Usually feelings of pain in the back disappears after a short rest, or receiving pain. If in a month there is no improvement, the pain preventing normal daily activities, it is worth it to go to the doctor.
If in addition to the area of the back pain will pass on a limb – it's a sign of irritation of the root of the spinal cord or even have intervertebral hernia.
"This symptom can talk about the serious damage to the intervertebral disc, but still worth it to consult with a neurologist: there are many non-surgical methods of treatment. Can help massage, physiotherapy, manual therapy, gymnastics for strengthening the muscular corset, stretching, drug blockade or the imposition of a special elastic patch. The tactic is set individually. You can count on a positive result thanks to the submission of applications for the qualified medical aid".
"A long time not been subjected to violation of the sensitivity in the extremities (numbness, tingling of the needle) talks about the persistent damage to the nerve fibers. Decrease in muscle tone of the lower limbs or the incidence of lameness also menacing symptom that would point to a violation of the motor functions," – said the expert.
Increasing pain at night or at rest – an alarming sign. If you are also stressed, morning stiffness, it can be a sign of systemic inflammatory disease – ankylosing spondylitis. In this situation requires the advice of a neurologist or a rheumatologist and a selection of a specific therapy.
In women over 50 years increases the risk of osteoporosis (increased bone fragility). Even a minor injury can lead to various fractures, two-thirds of them localized in the region of the spine (most commonly in the thoracic and lumbar part).
"Just the doctor's consultation and x-ray examination helps detect vertebral fractures and to assign appropriate treatment. It must be remembered that in this case magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), most commonly performed by patients with back pain, is not informative because it does not allow adequately to assess the condition of bone structures".
"Dangerous symptoms – weight loss without any diet or increase in temperature on the background of pain in the back. Possible current infection, tumor process of the spinal cord or the spine. It requires a doctor's attention, the delay in such cases is unacceptable."
"One more sure sign of damage to the spinal cord is urinary incontinence or disturbances of sensation in the inguinal area. These symptoms cannot be ignored: the show on the syndrome of compression of the cauda equina, the cone – end flag of the spinal cord and nerve roots", – says the expert.
If these symptoms have arisen acutely, it is necessary to call fast help: best result of the surgical treatment is achieved in the first 48 hours.
Tumor lesion or infection on the incidence of occupy the last place in the list of "Why your back hurts", but that's the case, when it is usual to ignore the signals of our body – wrong tactics.